Archives For IPv6

As we work through this tutorial, we will learn how to use the cloonix graph interface to build a simulation scenario that includes two small IPv6 networks connected to each other by two routers via static routes. We will also learn how cloonix saves network topologies and guest virtual machine root filesystems.

Cloonix IPv6 linux network simulation

Linux IPv6 network simulation running on the cloonix open-source network simulator

The cloonix open-source network simulator uses KVM virtual machines in the simulated network so, in this tutorial, we will demonstrate real Linux router and host configuration procedures.

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In Part 1 of this series, we performed some practical experiments to show how interfaces in an IPv6 network configure themselves with link-local IPv6 addresses when they start up. We also showed how to manually configure IPv6 addresses on a Linux system. In this post, we will use an open-source network simulator to demonstrate another method of assigning an IPv6 address to an interface: Stateless Address Auto-configuration (SLAAC).

We will use the CORE Network Emulator to set up a simple IPv6 network and then run some practical exercises to show how to set up a open-source IPv6 router to perform auto-configuration using either radvd or quagga. We’ll use open-source routing software to demonstrate real router configuration procedures and investigate how IPv6 routers and hosts communicate to assign globally unique unicast IPv6 addresses to hosts the using Stateless Address Auto-configuration and the Neighbor Discovery Protocol (NDP).

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IPv6 addressing is about more than just a longer 128-bit address length. The working groups that defined IPv6 were trying to solve some of the problems that programmers, network administrators, and network engineers were encountering with IPv4. The way that IPv6 prefixes and addresses are assigned and configured differs significantly from IPv4. IPv6 offers some improvements and some new challenges.

IPv6-simple-LAN-000

A good way to learn about IPv6 network addressing is to work through some practical exercises. In this post, we will use the CORE Network Simulator to simulate a simple IPv6 network and examine link-local and global IPv6 addresses. We will work through a practical tutorial that will show how to manually configure IPv6 addresses and very basic IPv6 routing.

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